References to draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging

These dependencies are extracted using heuristics looking for strings with particular prefixes. Notably, this means that references to I-Ds by title only are not reflected here. If it's really important, please inspect the documents' references sections directly.

Showing RFCs and active Internet-Drafts, sorted by reference type, then document name.

Document Title Status Type Downref
draft-birkholz-rats-tuda
As rfc7230
Time-Based Uni-Directional Attestation
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-cedik-http-warning
As rfc7230
Communicating Warning Information in HTTP APIs
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-dalal-deprecation-header
As rfc7230
The Deprecation HTTP Header Field
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-divilly-user-defined-resource-error
As rfc7230
User Defined Resource Error HTTP Status Code
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-dunglas-mercure
As rfc7230
The Mercure Protocol
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-foudil-securitytxt
As rfc7230
A File Format to Aid in Security Vulnerability Disclosure
References Referenced by
Informational normatively references
draft-gutmann-scep
As rfc7230
Simple Certificate Enrolment Protocol
References Referenced by
Informational normatively references
draft-hallambaker-mesh-protocol
As rfc7230
Mathematical Mesh 3.0 Part V: Protocol Reference
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-ietf-anima-bootstrapping-keyinfra
As rfc7230
Bootstrapping Remote Secure Key Infrastructures (BRSKI)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-cdni-uri-signing
As rfc7230
URI Signing for CDN Interconnection (CDNI)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-digest-headers
As rfc7230
Digest Headers
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-expect-ct
As rfc7230
Expect-CT Extension for HTTP
References Referenced by
Experimental normatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-header-structure
As rfc7230
Structured Field Values for HTTP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-http2-secondary-certs
As rfc7230
Secondary Certificate Authentication in HTTP/2
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-message-signatures
As rfc7230
Signing HTTP Messages
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-priority
As rfc7230
Extensible Prioritization Scheme for HTTP
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-rfc6265bis
As rfc7230
Cookies: HTTP State Management Mechanism
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-ietf-oauth-jwsreq
As rfc7230
The OAuth 2.0 Authorization Framework: JWT Secured Authorization Request (JAR)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-regext-rdap-openid
As rfc7230
Federated Authentication for the Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) using OpenID Connect
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-regext-rdap-partial-response
As rfc7230
Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Partial Response
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-regext-rdap-reverse-search
As rfc7230
Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Reverse search capabilities
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-regext-rdap-sorting-and-paging
As rfc7230
Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Query Parameters for Result Sorting and Paging
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-regext-rfc7482bis
As rfc7230
Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Query Format
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-ietf-secevent-http-push
As rfc7230
Push-Based Security Event Token (SET) Delivery Using HTTP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-ietf-sipcore-sip-token-authnz
As rfc7230
Third-Party Token-based Authentication and Authorization for Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
draft-irtf-t2trg-rest-iot
As rfc7230
RESTful Design for Internet of Things Systems
References Referenced by
Informational normatively references
draft-kinnear-webtransport-http2
As rfc7230
WebTransport using HTTP/2
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-ma-identifier-access-http
As rfc7230
HTTP Usage in the Industrial Internet Identifier Data Access Protocol (IIIDAP)
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-mcd-identifier-access-query
As rfc7230
Industrial Internet Identifier Data Access Protocol (IIIDAP) Query Format
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-nottingham-bikeshed-length
As rfc7230
Advisory Content-Length for HTTP
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-nottingham-binary-structured-headers
As rfc7230
Binary Structured HTTP Headers
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-nottingham-link-hint
As rfc7230
HTTP Link Hints
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-pantos-hls-rfc8216bis
As rfc7230
HTTP Live Streaming 2nd Edition
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-pardue-quic-http-mcast
As rfc7230
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) over multicast QUIC
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-polli-ratelimit-headers
As rfc7230
RateLimit Header Fields for HTTP
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-polli-retry-scope
As rfc7230
Retry-Scope header field
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-schinazi-httpbis-doh-preference-hints
As rfc7230
DoH Preference Hints for HTTP
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-schinazi-httpbis-transport-auth
As rfc7230
HTTP Transport Authentication
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-schinazi-masque-connect-udp
As rfc7230
The CONNECT-UDP HTTP Method
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-toomim-httpbis-braid-http
As rfc7230
Braid-HTTP: Synchronization for HTTP
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-vanrein-http-unauth-user
As rfc7230
HTTP Resources with User Names
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-vvv-webtransport-http3
As rfc7230
WebTransport over HTTP/3
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-wilde-linkset
As rfc7230
Linkset: Media Types and a Link Relation Type for Link Sets
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-williams-http-accept-auth-and-redirect
As rfc7230
Accept-Auth HTTP Header for 3xx/401 Negotiation, and Redirect Authentication Scheme
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-yasskin-http-origin-signed-responses
As rfc7230
Signed HTTP Exchanges
References Referenced by
normatively references
draft-young-md-query
As rfc7230
Metadata Query Protocol
References Referenced by
normatively references
RFC 7232 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Conditional Requests
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7238
As rfc7230
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol Status Code 308 (Permanent Redirect)
References Referenced by
Experimental normatively references
RFC 7239
As rfc7230
Forwarded HTTP Extension
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7240
As rfc7230
Prefer Header for HTTP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7303 XML Media Types
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7390
As rfc7230
Group Communication for the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP)
References Referenced by
Experimental normatively references
RFC 7469
As rfc7230
Public Key Pinning Extension for HTTP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7482
As rfc7230
Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Query Format
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7538
As rfc7230
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol Status Code 308 (Permanent Redirect)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7540
As rfc7230
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Version 2 (HTTP/2)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7541
As rfc7230
HPACK: Header Compression for HTTP/2
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7615
As rfc7230
HTTP Authentication-Info and Proxy-Authentication-Info Response Header Fields
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7616
As rfc7230
HTTP Digest Access Authentication
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7639
As rfc7230
The ALPN HTTP Header Field
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7644
As rfc7230
System for Cross-domain Identity Management: Protocol
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7694
As rfc7230
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Client-Initiated Content-Encoding
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7711
As rfc7230
PKIX over Secure HTTP (POSH)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7766
As rfc7230
DNS Transport over TCP - Implementation Requirements
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7807
As rfc7230
Problem Details for HTTP APIs
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7808
As rfc7230
Time Zone Data Distribution Service
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7838
As rfc7230
HTTP Alternative Services
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7846
As rfc7230
Peer-to-Peer Streaming Tracker Protocol (PPSTP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7878
As rfc7230
Session Peering Provisioning (SPP) Protocol over SOAP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7909
As rfc7230
Securing Routing Policy Specification Language (RPSL) Objects with Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) Signatures
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7937
As rfc7230
Content Distribution Network Interconnection (CDNI) Logging Interface
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 7975
As rfc7230
Request Routing Redirection Interface for Content Delivery Network (CDN) Interconnection
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8006
As rfc7230
Content Delivery Network Interconnection (CDNI) Metadata
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8007
As rfc7230
Content Delivery Network Interconnection (CDNI) Control Interface / Triggers
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8011
As rfc7230
Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Model and Semantics
References Referenced by
Internet Standard normatively references Downref
RFC 8030
As rfc7230
Generic Event Delivery Using HTTP Push
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8040
As rfc7230
RESTCONF Protocol
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8053
As rfc7230
HTTP Authentication Extensions for Interactive Clients
References Referenced by
Experimental normatively references
RFC 8058
As rfc7230
Signaling One-Click Functionality for List Email Headers
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8072
As rfc7230
YANG Patch Media Type
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8075
As rfc7230
Guidelines for Mapping Implementations: HTTP to the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8120
As rfc7230
Mutual Authentication Protocol for HTTP
References Referenced by
Experimental normatively references
RFC 8164
As rfc7230
Opportunistic Security for HTTP/2
References Referenced by
Experimental normatively references
RFC 8181
As rfc7230
A Publication Protocol for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8182
As rfc7230
The RPKI Repository Delta Protocol (RRDP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8183
As rfc7230
An Out-of-Band Setup Protocol for Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) Production Services
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8187
As rfc7230
Indicating Character Encoding and Language for HTTP Header Field Parameters
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8188
As rfc7230
Encrypted Content-Encoding for HTTP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8216
As rfc7230
HTTP Live Streaming
References Referenced by
Informational normatively references
RFC 8226
As rfc7230
Secure Telephone Identity Credentials: Certificates
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8252
As rfc7230
OAuth 2.0 for Native Apps
References Referenced by
Best Current Practice normatively references Downref
RFC 8292
As rfc7230
Voluntary Application Server Identification (VAPID) for Web Push
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8341
As rfc7230
Network Configuration Access Control Model
References Referenced by
Internet Standard normatively references Downref
RFC 8441
As rfc7230
Bootstrapping WebSockets with HTTP/2
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8470
As rfc7230
Using Early Data in HTTP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8471
As rfc7230
The Token Binding Protocol Version 1.0
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8473
As rfc7230
Token Binding over HTTP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8484
As rfc7230
DNS Queries over HTTPS (DoH)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8520
As rfc7230
Manufacturer Usage Description Specification
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8572
As rfc7230
Secure Zero Touch Provisioning (SZTP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8586
As rfc7230
Loop Detection in Content Delivery Networks (CDNs)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8607
As rfc7230
Calendaring Extensions to WebDAV (CalDAV): Managed Attachments
References Referenced by
Informational normatively references
RFC 8613
As rfc7230
Object Security for Constrained RESTful Environments (OSCORE)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8615
As rfc7230
Well-Known Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8620
As rfc7230
The JSON Meta Application Protocol (JMAP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8630
As rfc7230
Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) Trust Anchor Locator
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8673
As rfc7230
HTTP Random Access and Live Content
References Referenced by
Experimental normatively references
RFC 8738
As rfc7230
Automated Certificate Management Environment (ACME) IP Identifier Validation Extension
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8740
As rfc7230
Using TLS 1.3 with HTTP/2
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8768
As rfc7230
Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) Hop-Limit Option
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8783
As rfc7230
Distributed Denial-of-Service Open Threat Signaling (DOTS) Data Channel Specification
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard normatively references
RFC 8802
As rfc7230
The Quality for Service (Q4S) Protocol
References Referenced by
Informational normatively references
draft-bdc-something-something-certificate
As rfc7230
Client-Cert HTTP Header: Conveying Client Certificate Information from TLS Terminating Reverse Proxies to Origin Server Applications
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-bormann-t2trg-stp
As rfc7230
The Series Transfer Pattern (STP)
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-iab-for-the-users
As rfc7230
The Internet is for End Users
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
draft-ietf-ace-coap-est
As rfc7230
EST over secure CoAP (EST-coaps)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-alto-incr-update-sse
As rfc7230
ALTO Incremental Updates Using Server-Sent Events (SSE)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-bfcpbis-bfcp-websocket
As rfc7230
The WebSocket Protocol as a Transport for the Binary Floor Control Protocol (BFCP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-core-coral
As rfc7230
The Constrained RESTful Application Language (CoRAL)
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-ietf-core-dev-urn
As rfc7230
Uniform Resource Names for Device Identifiers
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-core-href
As rfc7230
Constrained Resource Identifiers
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-ietf-core-resource-directory
As rfc7230
CoRE Resource Directory
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-core-senml-data-ct
As rfc7230
SenML Data Value Content-Format Indication
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-messaging
As rfc7230
HTTP/1.1 Messaging
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-ietf-httpbis-semantics
As rfc7230
HTTP Semantics
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-ietf-kitten-sasl-saml-ec
As rfc7230
SAML Enhanced Client SASL and GSS-API Mechanisms
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-lamps-rfc7030est-clarify
As rfc7230
Clarification of Enrollment over Secure Transport (EST): transfer encodings and ASN.1
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-lwig-tcp-constrained-node-networks
As rfc7230
TCP Usage Guidance in the Internet of Things (IoT)
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
draft-ietf-mmusic-rfc4566bis
As rfc7230
SDP: Session Description Protocol
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-oauth-v2-1
As rfc7230
The OAuth 2.1 Authorization Framework
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-ietf-regext-tmch-func-spec
As rfc7230
ICANN TMCH functional specifications
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
draft-ietf-rtcweb-ip-handling
As rfc7230
WebRTC IP Address Handling Requirements
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-secevent-http-poll
As rfc7230
Poll-Based Security Event Token (SET) Delivery Using HTTP
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-ietf-taps-arch
As rfc7230
An Architecture for Transport Services
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
draft-kinamdar-dispatch-sip-auto-peer
As rfc7230
Automatic Peering for SIP Trunks
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-ohanlon-transport-info-header
As rfc7230
The Transport-Info HTTP Header
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-ribose-asciirfc
As rfc7230
AsciiRFC: Authoring Internet-Drafts And RFCs Using AsciiDoc
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
draft-shaw-rats-rear
As rfc7230
Restful Attested Resources
References Referenced by
informatively references
draft-williams-filesystem-18n
As rfc7230
Internationalization Considerations for Filesystems and Filesystem Protocols
References Referenced by
informatively references
RFC 7231
As rfc7230
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7233
As rfc7230
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Range Requests
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7234
As rfc7230
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Caching
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7235
As rfc7230
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Authentication
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7355
As rfc7230
Indicating WebSocket Protocol as a Transport in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Common Log Format (CLF)
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
RFC 7472
As rfc7230
Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) over HTTPS Transport Binding and the 'ipps' URI Scheme
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7480
As rfc7230
HTTP Usage in the Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7605
As rfc7230
Recommendations on Using Assigned Transport Port Numbers
References Referenced by
Best Current Practice informatively references
RFC 7628
As rfc7230
A Set of Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL) Mechanisms for OAuth
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7641
As rfc7230
Observing Resources in the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7643
As rfc7230
System for Cross-domain Identity Management: Core Schema
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7661
As rfc7230
Updating TCP to Support Rate-Limited Traffic
References Referenced by
Experimental informatively references
RFC 7686
As rfc7230
The ".onion" Special-Use Domain Name
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7755
As rfc7230
SIIT-DC: Stateless IP/ICMP Translation for IPv6 Data Center Environments
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
RFC 7862
As rfc7230
Network File System (NFS) Version 4 Minor Version 2 Protocol
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7877
As rfc7230
Session Peering Provisioning Framework (SPPF)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7918
As rfc7230
Transport Layer Security (TLS) False Start
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
RFC 7959
As rfc7230
Block-Wise Transfers in the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7977
As rfc7230
The WebSocket Protocol as a Transport for the Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 7986
As rfc7230
New Properties for iCalendar
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8008
As rfc7230
Content Delivery Network Interconnection (CDNI) Request Routing: Footprint and Capabilities Semantics
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8010
As rfc7230
Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Encoding and Transport
References Referenced by
Internet Standard informatively references
RFC 8095
As rfc7230
Services Provided by IETF Transport Protocols and Congestion Control Mechanisms
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
RFC 8124
As rfc7230
The Session Description Protocol (SDP) WebSocket Connection URI Attribute
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8170
As rfc7230
Planning for Protocol Adoption and Subsequent Transitions
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
RFC 8288
As rfc7230
Web Linking
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8291
As rfc7230
Message Encryption for Web Push
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8297
As rfc7230
An HTTP Status Code for Indicating Hints
References Referenced by
Experimental informatively references
RFC 8307
As rfc7230
Well-Known URIs for the WebSocket Protocol
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8323
As rfc7230
CoAP (Constrained Application Protocol) over TCP, TLS, and WebSockets
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8336
As rfc7230
The ORIGIN HTTP/2 Frame
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8387
As rfc7230
Practical Considerations and Implementation Experiences in Securing Smart Object Networks
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
RFC 8404
As rfc7230
Effects of Pervasive Encryption on Operators
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
RFC 8428
As rfc7230
Sensor Measurement Lists (SenML)
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8446
As rfc7230
The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol Version 1.3
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8516
As rfc7230
"Too Many Requests" Response Code for the Constrained Application Protocol
References Referenced by
Proposed Standard informatively references
RFC 8752
As rfc7230
Report from the IAB Workshop on Exploring Synergy between Content Aggregation and the Publisher Ecosystem (ESCAPE)
References Referenced by
Informational informatively references
RFC 7486
As rfc7230
HTTP Origin-Bound Authentication (HOBA)
References Referenced by
Experimental Possible Reference
RFC 8280
As rfc7230
Research into Human Rights Protocol Considerations
References Referenced by
Informational Possible Reference
draft-karcz-uuas
As rfc7230
Unified User-Agent String
References Referenced by
Reference