OSI connectionless transport services on top of UDP: Version 1
RFC 1240

Document Type RFC - Historic (June 1991; No errata)
Was draft-osf-shue-osiudp (individual)
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Network Working Group                                            C. Shue
Request for Comments: 1240                      Open Software Foundation
                                                             W. Haggerty
                                                 Wang Laboratories, Inc.
                                                              K. Dobbins
                                                 Cabletron Systems, Inc.
                                                               June 1991

          OSI Connectionless Transport Services on top of UDP
                               Version: 1

Status of this Memo

   This document describes a protocol for running OSI Connectionless
   service on UDP.  This RFC specifies an IAB standards track protocol
   for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions
   for improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB
   Official Protocol Standards" for the standardization state and status
   of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

1.  Introduction and Philosophy

   The Internet community has a well-developed, mature set of layered
   transport and network protocols, which are quite successful in
   offering both connection-oriented (TCP) and connectionless (UDP)
   transport services over connectionless network services (IP) to end-
   users.  Many popular network applications have been built directly on
   top of the TCP and UDP over the past decade.  These have helped the
   Internet services and protocols to become widely-spread de facto
   standards.  In the past few years, the ISO and CCITT have defined a
   well-architected set of upper layer standards which include
   connection-oriented and connectionless session, presentation, and
   application layer services and protocols.  These OSI upper layer
   standards offer valuable services to application developers (e.g.,
   dialogue control, transfer syntax, peer authentication, directory
   services, etc.) which are not currently offered by the TCP/IP
   standards.

   As indicated in RFC 1006, it is desirable to offer the OSI upper
   layer services directly in the Internet without disrupting existing
   facilities.  This permits a more graceful convergence and transition
   strategy from IP-based networks to OSI-based networks in the future.
   Using the approach of RFC 1006, this memo specifies how to offer OSI
   connectionless transport service using the User Datagram Protocol
   (UDP) [RFC768] of the TCP/IP suite.

   We will define a Transport Service Access Point (TSAP) which appears

Shue, Haggerty & Dobbins                                        [Page 1]
RFC 1240                   OSI on top of UDP                   June 1991

   to be identical to the services and interfaces defined in ISO 8072
   and its Addendum 1, but we will in fact implement the ISO T-UNIT-DATA
   protocol on top of UDP.  By this means, OSI TPDU's can be delivered
   across the Internet network, and OSI connectionless upper layers can
   operate fully without knowledge of the fact that they are running on
   top of UDP/IP.  In essence, the OSI T-UNIT-DATA service will use UDP
   as its connectionless network service provider.

2.  Motivation

   The primary motivation for the standard described in this memo is to
   facilitate the process of gaining experience with OSI connectionless
   upper layers protocols, i.e., S-UNIT-DATA [ISO9548], P-UNIT-DATA
   [ISO9576] and A-UNIT-DATA [ISO10035], and connectionless transport
   protocol T-UNIT-DATA [ISO8602].

   Though many OSI standard applications such as X.400 and FTAM are
   connection-oriented, it is recognized in the OSI reference model
   [ISO7498/AD1] as well as in practice that the connectionless-mode
   operations are appropriate for certain distributed application
   classes and environments.  The following connectionless application
   classes were identified by ISO SC21/WG6 [ISOSC21/WG6 N184]:

         -    Request-Response Applications
         -    Broadcast/Multicast
         -    Inward Data Collection
         -    Migratory/Unreliable Processes

   Among them, the "request/response" client-server application class is
   the most prominent one, which is gaining popularity and importance.
   It is observed that the connection setup and tear-down protocol
   exchanges and complex connection-oriented protocol machines become
   unnecessary overheads for a simple request/response exchange between
   a client application and a server application, especially in reliable
   communications environments such as LAN and ISDN.  The OSI
   connectionless upper layers are thought to be highly effective and
   efficient, both in time and space, for the distributed application
   classes mentioned above.

   The stability, maturity and wide availability of UDP/IP are ideal for
   providing solid connectionless transport services independent of
   actual implementations.

3.  The Model

   The [ISO 8072/AD1] standard describes the OSI connectionless
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