A YANG Module for TACACS+
draft-ietf-opsawg-tacacs-yang-12

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (opsawg WG)
Authors Bo Wu  , Guangying Zheng  , Zitao Wang 
Last updated 2021-06-22 (latest revision 2021-05-14)
Replaces draft-zheng-opsawg-tacacs-yang
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- Yang catalog entry for ietf-system-tacacs-plus@2020-08-28.yang
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Opsawg                                                        B. Wu, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                  G. Zheng
Intended status: Standards Track                            M. Wang, Ed.
Expires: November 14, 2021                                        Huawei
                                                            May 13, 2021

                       A YANG Module for TACACS+
                    draft-ietf-opsawg-tacacs-yang-12

Abstract

   This document defines a Terminal Access Controller Access-Control
   System Plus (TACACS+) client YANG module, that augments the System
   Management data model, defined in RFC 7317, to allow devices to make
   use of TACACS+ servers for centralized Authentication, Authorization
   and Accounting (AAA).  Though being a standard module, this module
   does not endorse the security mechanisms of the TACACS+ protocol (RFC
   8907) and TACACS+ MUST be used within a secure deployment.

   The YANG module in this document conforms to the Network Management
   Datastore Architecture (NMDA) defined in RFC 8342.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on November 14, 2021.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of

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   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Conventions used in this document . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  Tree Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Design of the TACACS+ Data Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  TACACS+ Client Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   7.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   Appendix A.  Example TACACS+ Authentication Configuration . . . .  15
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16

1.  Introduction

   This document defines a YANG module that augments the System
   Management data model defined in the [RFC7317] to support the
   configuration and management of TACACS+ clients.

   TACACS+ [RFC8907] provides device administration for routers, network
   access servers and other networked devices via one or more
   centralized servers.

   The System Management Model [RFC7317] defines separate functionality
   to support local and RADIUS authentication:

   o  User Authentication Model: Defines a list of usernames with
      associated passwords and a configuration leaf to decide the order
      in which local or RADIUS authentication is used.

   o  RADIUS Client Model: Defines a list of RADIUS servers used by a
      device for centralized user authentication.

   The System Management Model is augmented with the TACACS+ YANG module
   defined in this document to allow the use of TACACS+ servers as an
   alternative to RADIUS servers.

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   The YANG module can be used with network management protocols such as
   NETCONF[RFC6241].

   The YANG module in this document conforms to the Network Management
   Datastore Architecture (NMDA) defined in [RFC8342].

2.  Conventions used in this document

   The keywords "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP14, [RFC2119], [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

   The following terms are defined in [RFC6241] and are used in this
   specification:

   o  configuration data

   o  state data

   The following terms are defined in [RFC7950] and are used in this
   specification:

   o  augment

   o  data model

   o  data node

   The terminology for describing YANG data models is found in
   [RFC7950].

2.1.  Tree Diagrams

   The tree diagram used in this document follows the notation defined
   in [RFC8340].

3.  Design of the TACACS+ Data Model

   This module is used to configure a TACACS+ client on a device to
   support deployment scenarios with centralized authentication,
   authorization, and accounting servers.  Authentication is used to
   validate a user's username and password, authorization allows the
   user to access and execute commands at various privilege levels
   assigned to the user, and accounting keeps track of the activity of a
   user who has accessed the device.

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   The ietf-system-tacacs-plus module augments the "/sys:system" path
   defined in the ietf-system module with the contents of the "tacacs-
   plus" grouping.  Therefore, a device can use local, RADIUS, or
   TACACS+ to validate users who attempt to access the router by several
   mechanisms, e.g., a command line interface or a web-based user
   interface.

   The "server" list is directly under the "tacacs-plus" container,
   which holds a list of TACACS+ servers and uses server-type to
   distinguish between Authentication, Authorization and Accounting
   (AAA).  The list of servers is for redundancy.

   Most of the parameters in the "server" list are taken directly from
   the TACACS+ protocol [RFC8907], and some are derived from the various
   implementations by network equipment manufacturers.  For example,
   when there are multiple interfaces connected to the TACACS+ client or
   server, the source address of outgoing TACACS+ packets could be
   specified, or the source address could be specified through the
   interface IP address setting, or derived from the outbound interface
   from the local Forwarding Information Base (FIB).  For the TACACS+
   server located in a Virtual Private Network (VPN), a VPN Routing and
   Forwarding (VRF) instance needs to be specified.

   The "statistics" container under the "server list" is a collection of
   read-only counters for sent and received messages from a configured
   server.

   The YANG module for TACACS+ client has the following structure:

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   module: ietf-system-tacacs-plus
     augment /sys:system:
       +--rw tacacs-plus
          +--rw server* [name]
             +--rw name                      string
             +--rw server-type               tacacs-plus-server-type
             +--rw address                   inet:host
             +--rw port?                     inet:port-number
             +--rw (security)
             |  +--:(obfuscation)
             |     +--rw shared-secret?      string
             +--rw (source-type)?
             |  +--:(source-ip)
             |  |  +--rw source-ip?          inet:ip-address
             |  +--:(source-interface)
             |     +--rw source-interface?   if:interface-ref
             +--rw vrf-instance?
             |       -> /ni:network-instances/network-instance/name
             +--rw single-connection?        boolean
             +--rw timeout?                  uint16
             +--ro statistics
                +--ro connection-opens?      yang:counter64
                +--ro connection-closes?     yang:counter64
                +--ro connection-aborts?     yang:counter64
                +--ro connection-failures?   yang:counter64
                +--ro connection-timeouts?   yang:counter64
                +--ro messages-sent?         yang:counter64
                +--ro messages-received?     yang:counter64
                +--ro errors-received?       yang:counter64
                +--ro sessions?              yang:counter64

4.  TACACS+ Client Module

   This YANG module imports typedefs from [RFC6991].  This module also
   uses the interface typedef from [RFC8343], the leafref to VRF
   instance from [RFC8529], and the "default-deny-all" extension
   statement from [RFC8341].

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-system-tacacs-plus@2021-05-13.yang"

module ietf-system-tacacs-plus {
  yang-version 1.1;
  namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-system-tacacs-plus";
  prefix sys-tcs-plus;

  import ietf-inet-types {
    prefix inet;

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    reference
      "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types";
  }
  import ietf-yang-types {
    prefix yang;
    reference
      "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types";
  }
  import ietf-network-instance {
    prefix ni;
    reference
      "RFC 8529: YANG Data Model for Network Instances";
  }
  import ietf-interfaces {
    prefix if;
    reference
      "RFC 8343: A YANG Data Model for Interface Management";
  }
  import ietf-system {
    prefix sys;
    reference
      "RFC 7317: A YANG Data Model for System Management";
  }
  import ietf-netconf-acm {
    prefix nacm;
    reference
      "RFC 8341: Network Configuration Access Control Model";
  }

  organization
    "IETF Opsawg (Operations and Management Area Working Group)";
  contact
    "WG Web:   <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/opsawg/>
     WG List:  <mailto:opsawg@ietf.org>

     Editor: Bo Wu <lana.wubo@huawei.com>
     Editor: Guangying Zheng <zhengguangying@huawei.com>";
  description
    "This module provides configuration of TACACS+ client.

     Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
     authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

     Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
     without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
     to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
     set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
     Relating to IETF Documents

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     (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

     This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see the
     RFC itself for full legal notices.

     The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
     NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'NOT RECOMMENDED',
     'MAY', and 'OPTIONAL' in this document are to be interpreted as
     described in BCP 14 (RFC 2119) (RFC 8174) when, and only when,
     they appear in all capitals, as shown here.";

  // RFC Ed.: update the date below with the date of RFC
  // publication and remove this note.
  // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove
  // this note.

  revision 2021-05-13 {
    description
      "Initial revision.";
    reference
      "RFC XXXX: A YANG Module for TACACS+";
  }

  typedef tacacs-plus-server-type {
    type bits {
      bit authentication {
        description
          "Indicates that the TACACS+ server is providing authentication
           services.";
      }
      bit authorization {
        description
          "Indicates that the TACACS+ server is providing authorization
           services.";
      }
      bit accounting {
        description
          "Indicates that the TACACS+ server is providing accounting
           services.";
      }
    }
    description
      "tacacs-plus-server-type can be set to
       authentication/authorization/accounting
       or any combination of the three types.";
  }

  identity tacacs-plus {

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    base sys:authentication-method;
    description
      "Indicates AAA operation using TACACS+.";
    reference
      "RFC 8907: The TACACS+ Protocol";
  }

  grouping statistics {
    description
      "Grouping for TACACS+ statistics attributes";
    container statistics {
      config false;
      description
        "A collection of server-related statistics objects";
      leaf connection-opens {
        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of new connection requests sent to the server, e.g.,
           socket open";
      }
      leaf connection-closes {
        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of connection close requests sent to the server, e.g.,
           socket close";
      }
      leaf connection-aborts {
        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of aborted connections to the server. These do
           not include connections that are closed gracefully.";
      }
      leaf connection-failures {
        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of connection failures to the server";
      }
      leaf connection-timeouts {
        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of connection timeouts to the server";
      }
      leaf messages-sent {
        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of messages sent to the server";
      }
      leaf messages-received {

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        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of messages received from the server";
      }
      leaf errors-received {
        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of error messages received from the server";
      }
      leaf sessions {
        type yang:counter64;
        description
          "Number of TACACS+ sessions completed with the server.
           If the Single Connection Mode was NOT enabled, the number of
           sessions is the same as the number of 'connection-closes'.
           If the Mode was enabled, a single TCP connection may contain
           multiple TACACS+ sessions.";
      }
    }
  }

  grouping tacacs-plus {
    description
      "Grouping for TACACS+ attributes";
    container tacacs-plus {
      must "not(derived-from-or-self(../sys:authentication"
         + "/sys:user-authentication-order, 'tacacs-plus'))"
         + " or bit-is-set(server/server-type,'authentication')" {
        error-message "When 'tacacs-plus' is used as a system"
                    + " authentication method, a TACACS+ authentication"
                    + " server must be configured.";
        description
          "When 'tacacs-plus' is used as an authentication method,
           a TACACS+ server must be configured.";
      }
      description
        "Container for TACACS+ configurations and operations.";
      list server {
        key "name";
        ordered-by user;
        description
          "List of TACACS+ servers used by the device.";
        leaf name {
          type string;
          description
            "An arbitrary name for the TACACS+ server.";
        }
        leaf server-type {

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          type tacacs-plus-server-type;
          mandatory true;
          description
            "Server type: authentication/authorization/accounting and
             various combinations.";
        }
        leaf address {
          type inet:host;
          mandatory true;
          description
            "The address of the TACACS+ server.";
        }
        leaf port {
          type inet:port-number;
          default "49";
          description
            "The port number of TACACS+ Server port.";
        }
        choice security {
          mandatory true;
          description
            "Security mechanism between TACACS+ client and server.
             This is modelled as a YANG 'choice' so that it can be
             augmented by a YANG module in a backwards compatible
             manner.";
          case obfuscation {
            leaf shared-secret {
              type string {
                length "1..max";
              }
              nacm:default-deny-all;
              description
                "The shared secret, which is known to both the
                 TACACS+ client and server. TACACS+ server
                 administrators SHOULD configure a shared secret of
                 minimum 16 characters length.
                 It is highly recommended that this shared secret is
                 at least 32 characters long and sufficiently complex
                 with a mix of different character types
                 i.e. upper case, lower case, numeric, punctuation.
                 Note that this security mechanism is best described as
                 'obfuscation' and not 'encryption' as it does not
                 provide any meaningful integrity, privacy, or replay
                 protection.";
              reference
                "RFC 8907: The TACACS+ Protocol";
            }
          }

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        }
        choice source-type {
          description
            "The source address type for outbound TACACS+ packets.";
          case source-ip {
            leaf source-ip {
              type inet:ip-address;
              description
                "Specifies source IP address for TACACS+ outbound
                 packets.";
            }
          }
          case source-interface {
            leaf source-interface {
              type if:interface-ref;
              description
                "Specifies the interface from which the IP address is
                 derived for use as the source for the outbound TACACS+
                 packet";
            }
          }
        }
        leaf vrf-instance {
          type leafref {
            path "/ni:network-instances/ni:network-instance/ni:name";
          }
          description
            "Specifies the VPN Routing and Forwarding (VRF) instance to
             use to communicate with the TACACS+ server.";
          reference
            "RFC 8529: YANG Data Model for Network Instances";
        }
        leaf single-connection {
          type boolean;
          default "false";
          description
            "Whether the single connection mode is enabled for the
             server. By default, the single connection mode is
             disabled.";
        }
        leaf timeout {
          type uint16 {
            range "1..max";
          }
          units "seconds";
          default "5";
          description
            "The number of seconds the device will wait for a

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             response from each TACACS+ server before trying with a
             different server.";
        }
        uses statistics;
      }
    }
  }

  augment "/sys:system" {
    description
      "Augment the system model with the tacacs-plus model";
    uses tacacs-plus;
  }
}

   <CODE ENDS>

5.  Security Considerations

   The YANG module defined in this document is designed to be accessed
   via network management protocols such as NETCONF [RFC6241] or
   RESTCONF [RFC8040].  The lowest NETCONF layer is the secure transport
   layer, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is Secure
   Shell (SSH) [RFC6242].  The lowest RESTCONF layer is HTTPS, and the
   mandatory-to-implement secure transport is TLS [RFC8446].

   The NETCONF access control model [RFC8341] provides the means to
   restrict access for particular NETCONF or RESTCONF users to a
   preconfigured subset of all available NETCONF or RESTCONF protocol
   operations and content.

   There are a number of data nodes defined in this YANG module that are
   writable/creatable/deletable (i.e., config true, which is the
   default).  These data nodes may be considered sensitive or vulnerable
   in some network environments.  Write operations (e.g., edit-config)
   to these data nodes without proper protection can have a negative
   effect on network operations.  These are the subtrees and data nodes
   and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

   /system/tacacsplus/server:  This list contains the data nodes used to
      control the TACACS+ servers used by the device.  Unauthorized
      access to this list could enable an attacker to assume complete
      control over the device by pointing to a compromised TACACS+
      server ,or to modify the counters to hide attacks against the
      device.

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   /system/tacacsplus/server/shared-secret:  This leaf controls the key
      known to both the TACACS+ client and server.  Unauthorized access
      to this leaf could make the device vulnerable to attacks,
      therefore it has been restricted using the "default-deny-all"
      access control defined in [RFC8341].  When setting, it is highly
      recommended that the leaf is at least 32 characters long and
      sufficiently complex with a mix of different character types i.e.
      upper case, lower case, numeric, punctuation.

   This document describes the use of TACACS+ for purposes of
   authentication, authorization and accounting, it is vulnerable to all
   of the threats that are present in TACACS+ applications.  For a
   discussion of such threats, see Section 10 of the TACACS+ Protocol
   [RFC8907].

6.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers a URI in the IETF XML registry [RFC3688].
   Following the format in [RFC3688], the following registration is
   requested to be made:

      URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-system-tacacs-plus
      Registrant Contact: The IESG.
      XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.

   This document registers a YANG module in the YANG Module Names
   registry [RFC7950].

        Name: ietf-system-tacacs-plus
        Namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-system-tacacs-plus
        Prefix: sys-tcs-plus
        Reference: RFC XXXX (RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual
        RFC number and remove this note.)

7.  Acknowledgments

   The authors wish to thank Alex Campbell, John Heasley, Ebben Aries,
   Alan DeKok, Joe Clarke, Joe Clarke, Tom Petch, Robert Wilton, and
   many others for their helpful comments and suggestions.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

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   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.

   [RFC6242]  Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure
              Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, DOI 10.17487/RFC6242, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6242>.

   [RFC6991]  Schoenwaelder, J., Ed., "Common YANG Data Types",
              RFC 6991, DOI 10.17487/RFC6991, July 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6991>.

   [RFC7317]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "A YANG Data Model for
              System Management", RFC 7317, DOI 10.17487/RFC7317, August
              2014, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7317>.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.

   [RFC8040]  Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF
              Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, January 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8040>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8340]  Bjorklund, M. and L. Berger, Ed., "YANG Tree Diagrams",
              BCP 215, RFC 8340, DOI 10.17487/RFC8340, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8340>.

   [RFC8341]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
              Access Control Model", STD 91, RFC 8341,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8341, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8341>.

   [RFC8342]  Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Shafer, P., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore Architecture
              (NMDA)", RFC 8342, DOI 10.17487/RFC8342, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8342>.

   [RFC8343]  Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for Interface
              Management", RFC 8343, DOI 10.17487/RFC8343, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8343>.

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   [RFC8446]  Rescorla, E., "The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol
              Version 1.3", RFC 8446, DOI 10.17487/RFC8446, August 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8446>.

   [RFC8529]  Berger, L., Hopps, C., Lindem, A., Bogdanovic, D., and X.
              Liu, "YANG Data Model for Network Instances", RFC 8529,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8529, March 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8529>.

   [RFC8907]  Dahm, T., Ota, A., Medway Gash, D., Carrel, D., and L.
              Grant, "The Terminal Access Controller Access-Control
              System Plus (TACACS+) Protocol", RFC 8907,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8907, September 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8907>.

8.2.  Informative References

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

Appendix A.  Example TACACS+ Authentication Configuration

   The following shows an example where a TACACS+ authentication server
   instance is configured.

      {
        "ietf-system:system": {
          "authentication": {
            "user-authentication-order": [tacacs-plus, local-users]
          }
          "tacacs-plus": {
            "server": [
              {
                "name": "tac_plus1",
                "server-type": "authentication",
                "address": "192.0.2.2",
                "shared-secret": "QaEfThUkO198010075460923+h3TbE8n",
                "source-ip": "192.0.2.12",
                "timeout": "10"
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }

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Authors' Addresses

   Bo Wu (editor)
   Huawei Technologies, Co.,
         Ltd
   101 Software Avenue, Yuhua District
   Nanjing, Jiangsu  210012
   China

   Email: lana.wubo@huawei.com

   Guangying Zheng
   Huawei Technologies, Co.,
         Ltd
   101 Software Avenue, Yuhua District
   Nanjing, Jiangsu  210012
   China

   Email: zhengguangying@huawei.com

   Michael Wang (editor)
   Huawei Technologies, Co.,
         Ltd
   101 Software Avenue, Yuhua District
   Nanjing  210012
   China

   Email: wangzitao@huawei.com

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