A YANG Data Model for Terminal Access Controller Access-Control System Plus (TACACS+)
RFC 9105

Document Type RFC - Proposed Standard (August 2021; No errata)
Authors Bo Wu  , Guangying Zheng  , Zitao Wang 
Last updated 2021-08-05
Replaces draft-zheng-opsawg-tacacs-yang
Stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Formats plain text html xml pdf htmlized bibtex
Yang Validation 0 errors, 0 warnings.
Reviews
Additional Resources
- Yang catalog entry for ietf-system-tacacs-plus@2020-08-28.yang
- Yang impact analysis for draft-ietf-opsawg-tacacs-yang
- Mailing list discussion
Stream WG state Submitted to IESG for Publication
Document shepherd Joe Clarke
Shepherd write-up Show (last changed 2020-06-01)
IESG IESG state RFC 9105 (Proposed Standard)
Action Holders
(None)
Consensus Boilerplate Yes
Telechat date
Responsible AD Robert Wilton
Send notices to Joe Clarke <jclarke@cisco.com>
IANA IANA review state Version Changed - Review Needed
IANA action state RFC-Ed-Ack
IANA expert review state Expert Reviews OK


Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                        B. Wu, Ed.
Request for Comments: 9105                                      G. Zheng
Category: Standards Track                                   M. Wang, Ed.
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                   Huawei
                                                             August 2021

 A YANG Data Model for Terminal Access Controller Access-Control System
                             Plus (TACACS+)

Abstract

   This document defines a Terminal Access Controller Access-Control
   System Plus (TACACS+) client YANG module that augments the System
   Management data model, defined in RFC 7317, to allow devices to make
   use of TACACS+ servers for centralized Authentication, Authorization,
   and Accounting (AAA).  Though being a standard module, this module
   does not endorse the security mechanisms of the TACACS+ protocol (RFC
   8907), and TACACS+ MUST be used within a secure deployment.

   The YANG module in this document conforms to the Network Management
   Datastore Architecture (NMDA) defined in RFC 8342.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9105.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction
   2.  Conventions Used in This Document
     2.1.  Tree Diagrams
   3.  Design of the TACACS+ Data Model
   4.  TACACS+ Client Module
   5.  Security Considerations
   6.  IANA Considerations
   7.  References
     7.1.  Normative References
     7.2.  Informative References
   Appendix A.  Example TACACS+ Authentication Configuration
   Acknowledgments
   Authors' Addresses

1.  Introduction

   This document defines a YANG module that augments the System
   Management data model defined in [RFC7317] to support the
   configuration and management of TACACS+ clients.

   TACACS+ [RFC8907] provides device administration for routers, network
   access servers, and other networked devices via one or more
   centralized servers.

   The System Management data model [RFC7317] defines separate
   functionality to support local and RADIUS authentication:

   User Authentication Model:  Defines a list of usernames with
      associated passwords and a configuration leaf to decide the order
      in which local or RADIUS authentication is used.

   RADIUS Client Model:  Defines a list of RADIUS servers used by a
      device for centralized user authentication.

   The System Management data model is augmented with the TACACS+ YANG
   module defined in this document to allow the use of TACACS+ servers
   as an alternative to RADIUS servers.

   The YANG module can be used with network management protocols such as
   the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF) [RFC6241].

   The YANG module in this document conforms to the Network Management
   Datastore Architecture (NMDA) defined in [RFC8342].

2.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

   The following terms are defined in [RFC6241] and are used in this
   specification:

   *  configuration data

   *  state data

   The following terms are defined in [RFC7950] and are used in this
   specification:

   *  augment

   *  data model

   *  data node

   The terminology for describing YANG data models is found in
   [RFC7950].

2.1.  Tree Diagrams

   The tree diagram used in this document follows the notation defined
   in [RFC8340].

3.  Design of the TACACS+ Data Model

   This module is used to configure a TACACS+ client on a device to
   support deployment scenarios with centralized authentication,
   authorization, and accounting servers.  Authentication is used to
   validate a user's username and password, authorization allows the
   user to access and execute commands at various privilege levels
   assigned to the user, and accounting keeps track of the activity of a
   user who has accessed the device.

   The ietf-system-tacacs-plus module augments the "/sys:system" path
   defined in the ietf-system module with the contents of the "tacacs-
   plus" grouping.  Therefore, a device can use local, RADIUS, or
   TACACS+ authentication to validate users who attempt to access the
   router by several mechanisms, e.g., a command line interface or a
   web-based user interface.

   The "server" list, which is directly under the "tacacs-plus"
   container, holds a list of TACACS+ servers and uses server-type to
   distinguish between Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting
   (AAA) services.  The list of servers is for redundancy.

   Most of the parameters in the "server" list are taken directly from
   the TACACS+ protocol [RFC8907], and some are derived from the various
   implementations by network equipment manufacturers.  For example,
   when there are multiple interfaces connected to the TACACS+ client or
   server, the source address of outgoing TACACS+ packets could be
   specified, or the source address could be specified through the
   interface IP address setting or derived from the outbound interface
   from the local Forwarding Information Base (FIB).  For the TACACS+
   server located in a Virtual Private Network (VPN), a VPN Routing and
   Forwarding (VRF) instance needs to be specified.

   The "statistics" container under the "server list" is a collection of
   read-only counters for sent and received messages from a configured
   server.

   The YANG module for TACACS+ client has the following structure:

   module: ietf-system-tacacs-plus
     augment /sys:system:
       +--rw tacacs-plus
          +--rw server* [name]
             +--rw name                      string
             +--rw server-type               tacacs-plus-server-type
             +--rw address                   inet:host
             +--rw port?                     inet:port-number
             +--rw (security)
             |  +--:(obfuscation)
             |     +--rw shared-secret?      string
             +--rw (source-type)?
             |  +--:(source-ip)
             |  |  +--rw source-ip?          inet:ip-address
             |  +--:(source-interface)
             |     +--rw source-interface?   if:interface-ref
             +--rw vrf-instance?
             |       -> /ni:network-instances/network-instance/name
             +--rw single-connection?        boolean
             +--rw timeout?                  uint16
             +--ro statistics
                +--ro connection-opens?      yang:counter64
                +--ro connection-closes?     yang:counter64
                +--ro connection-aborts?     yang:counter64
                +--ro connection-failures?   yang:counter64
                +--ro connection-timeouts?   yang:counter64
                +--ro messages-sent?         yang:counter64
                +--ro messages-received?     yang:counter64
                +--ro errors-received?       yang:counter64
                +--ro sessions?              yang:counter64

4.  TACACS+ Client Module

   This YANG module imports typedefs from [RFC6991].  This module also
   uses the interface typedef from [RFC8343], the leafref to VRF
   instance from [RFC8529], and the "default-deny-all" extension
   statement from [RFC8341].

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-system-tacacs-plus@2021-08-05.yang"
   module ietf-system-tacacs-plus {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-system-tacacs-plus";
     prefix sys-tcs-plus;

     import ietf-inet-types {
       prefix inet;
       reference
         "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types";
     }
     import ietf-yang-types {
       prefix yang;
       reference
         "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types";
     }
     import ietf-network-instance {
       prefix ni;
       reference
         "RFC 8529: YANG Data Model for Network Instances";
     }
     import ietf-interfaces {
       prefix if;
       reference
         "RFC 8343: A YANG Data Model for Interface Management";
     }
     import ietf-system {
       prefix sys;
       reference
         "RFC 7317: A YANG Data Model for System Management";
     }
     import ietf-netconf-acm {
       prefix nacm;
       reference
         "RFC 8341: Network Configuration Access Control Model";
     }

     organization
       "IETF OPSAWG (Operations and Management Area Working Group)";
     contact
       "WG Web:   <http://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/opsawg/>
        WG List:  <mailto:opsawg@ietf.org>

        Editor: Bo Wu <lana.wubo@huawei.com>
        Editor: Guangying Zheng <zhengguangying@huawei.com>";
     description
       "This module provides configuration of TACACS+ client.

        The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
        NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'NOT RECOMMENDED',
        'MAY', and 'OPTIONAL' in this document are to be interpreted as
        described in BCP 14 (RFC 2119) (RFC 8174) when, and only when,
        they appear in all capitals, as shown here.

        Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
        to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
        set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC 9105; see the
        RFC itself for full legal notices.";

     revision 2021-08-05 {
       description
         "Initial revision.";
       reference
         "RFC 9105: A YANG Data Model for Terminal Access Controller
          Access-Control System Plus (TACACS+)";
     }

     typedef tacacs-plus-server-type {
       type bits {
         bit authentication {
           description
             "Indicates that the TACACS+ server is providing
              authentication services.";
         }
         bit authorization {
           description
             "Indicates that the TACACS+ server is providing
              authorization services.";
         }
         bit accounting {
           description
             "Indicates that the TACACS+ server is providing accounting
              services.";
         }
       }
       description
         "tacacs-plus-server-type can be set to
          authentication/authorization/accounting
          or any combination of the three types.";
     }

     identity tacacs-plus {
       base sys:authentication-method;
       description
         "Indicates AAA operation using TACACS+.";
       reference
         "RFC 8907: The TACACS+ Protocol";
     }

     grouping statistics {
       description
         "Grouping for TACACS+ statistics attributes.";
       container statistics {
         config false;
         description
           "A collection of server-related statistics objects.";
         leaf connection-opens {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of new connection requests sent to the server,
              e.g., socket open.";
         }
         leaf connection-closes {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of connection close requests sent to the server,
              e.g., socket close.";
         }
         leaf connection-aborts {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of aborted connections to the server.  These do
              not include connections that are closed gracefully.";
         }
         leaf connection-failures {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of connection failures to the server.";
         }
         leaf connection-timeouts {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of connection timeouts to the server.";
         }
         leaf messages-sent {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of messages sent to the server.";
         }
         leaf messages-received {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of messages received from the server.";
         }
         leaf errors-received {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of error messages received from the server.";
         }
         leaf sessions {
           type yang:counter64;
           description
             "Number of TACACS+ sessions completed with the server.
              If the Single Connection Mode was NOT enabled, the number
              of sessions is the same as the number of
              'connection-closes'.  If the Mode was enabled, a single
              TCP connection may contain multiple TACACS+ sessions.";
         }
       }
     }

     grouping tacacs-plus {
       description
         "Grouping for TACACS+ attributes.";
       container tacacs-plus {
         must "not(derived-from-or-self(../sys:authentication"
            + "/sys:user-authentication-order, 'tacacs-plus'))"
            + " or bit-is-set(server/server-type,'authentication')" {
           error-message "When 'tacacs-plus' is used as a system"
                       + " authentication method, a TACACS+"
                       + " authentication server must be configured.";
           description
             "When 'tacacs-plus' is used as an authentication method,
              a TACACS+ server must be configured.";
         }
         description
           "Container for TACACS+ configurations and operations.";
         list server {
           key "name";
           ordered-by user;
           description
             "List of TACACS+ servers used by the device.";
           leaf name {
             type string;
             description
               "An arbitrary name for the TACACS+ server.";
           }
           leaf server-type {
             type tacacs-plus-server-type;
             mandatory true;
             description
               "Server type: authentication/authorization/accounting and
                various combinations.";
           }
           leaf address {
             type inet:host;
             mandatory true;
             description
               "The address of the TACACS+ server.";
           }
           leaf port {
             type inet:port-number;
             default "49";
             description
               "The port number of TACACS+ Server port.";
           }
           choice security {
             mandatory true;
             description
               "Security mechanism between TACACS+ client and server.
                This is modeled as a YANG 'choice' so that it can be
                augmented by a YANG module in a backwards-compatible
                manner.";
             case obfuscation {
               leaf shared-secret {
                 type string {
                   length "1..max";
                 }
                 nacm:default-deny-all;
                 description
                   "The shared secret, which is known to both the
                    TACACS+ client and server.  TACACS+ server
                    administrators SHOULD configure a shared secret with
                    a minimum length of 16 characters.
                    It is highly recommended that this shared secret is
                    at least 32 characters long and sufficiently complex
                    with a mix of different character types,
                    i.e., upper case, lower case, numeric, and
                    punctuation.  Note that this security mechanism is
                    best described as 'obfuscation' and not 'encryption'
                    as it does not provide any meaningful integrity,
                    privacy, or replay protection.";
                 reference
                   "RFC 8907: The TACACS+ Protocol";
               }
             }
           }
           choice source-type {
             description
               "The source address type for outbound TACACS+ packets.";
             case source-ip {
               leaf source-ip {
                 type inet:ip-address;
                 description
                   "Specifies source IP address for TACACS+ outbound
                    packets.";
               }
             }
             case source-interface {
               leaf source-interface {
                 type if:interface-ref;
                 description
                   "Specifies the interface from which the IP address
                    is derived for use as the source for the outbound
                    TACACS+ packet.";
               }
             }
           }
           leaf vrf-instance {
             type leafref {
               path "/ni:network-instances/ni:network-instance/ni:name";
             }
             description
               "Specifies the VPN Routing and Forwarding (VRF) instance
                to use to communicate with the TACACS+ server.";
             reference
               "RFC 8529: YANG Data Model for Network Instances";
           }
           leaf single-connection {
             type boolean;
             default "false";
             description
               "Indicates whether the Single Connection Mode is enabled
                for the server.  By default, the Single Connection Mode
                is disabled.";
           }
           leaf timeout {
             type uint16 {
               range "1..max";
             }
             units "seconds";
             default "5";
             description
               "The number of seconds the device will wait for a
                response from each TACACS+ server before trying with a
                different server.";
           }
           uses statistics;
         }
       }
     }

     augment "/sys:system" {
       description
         "Augments the system model with the tacacs-plus model.";
       uses tacacs-plus;
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

5.  Security Considerations

   The YANG module specified in this document defines a schema for data
   that is designed to be accessed via network management protocols such
   as NETCONF [RFC6241] or RESTCONF [RFC8040].  The lowest NETCONF layer
   is the secure transport layer, and the mandatory-to-implement secure
   transport is Secure Shell (SSH) [RFC6242].  The lowest RESTCONF layer
   is HTTPS, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is TLS
   [RFC8446].

   The Network Configuration Access Control Model (NACM) [RFC8341]
   provides the means to restrict access for particular NETCONF or
   RESTCONF users to a preconfigured subset of all available NETCONF or
   RESTCONF protocol operations and content.

   There are a number of data nodes defined in this YANG module that are
   writable/creatable/deletable (i.e., config true, which is the
   default).  These data nodes may be considered sensitive or vulnerable
   in some network environments.  Write operations (e.g., edit-config)
   to these data nodes without proper protection can have a negative
   effect on network operations.  These are the subtrees and data nodes
   and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

   /system/tacacs-plus/server:  This list contains the data nodes used
      to control the TACACS+ servers used by the device.  Unauthorized
      access to this list could enable an attacker to assume complete
      control over the device by pointing to a compromised TACACS+
      server, or to modify the counters to hide attacks against the
      device.

   /system/tacacs-plus/server/shared-secret:  This leaf controls the key
      known to both the TACACS+ client and server.  Unauthorized access
      to this leaf could make the device vulnerable to attacks;
      therefore, it has been restricted using the "default-deny-all"
      access control defined in [RFC8341].  When setting, it is highly
      recommended that the leaf is at least 32 characters long and
      sufficiently complex with a mix of different character types,
      i.e., upper case, lower case, numeric, and punctuation.

   This document describes the use of TACACS+ for purposes of
   authentication, authorization, and accounting; it is vulnerable to
   all of the threats that are present in TACACS+ applications.  For a
   discussion of such threats, see Section 10 of the TACACS+ protocol
   [RFC8907].

6.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has registered the following URI in the "ns" subregistry within
   the "IETF XML Registry" [RFC3688]:

   URI:  urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-system-tacacs-plus
   Registrant Contact:  The IESG.
   XML:  N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.

   IANA has registered the following YANG module in the "YANG Module
   Names" registry [RFC7950]:

   Name:  ietf-system-tacacs-plus
   Maintained by IANA:  N
   Namespace:  urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-system-tacacs-plus
   Prefix:  sys-tcs-plus
   Reference:  RFC 9105

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.

   [RFC6242]  Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure
              Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, DOI 10.17487/RFC6242, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6242>.

   [RFC6991]  Schoenwaelder, J., Ed., "Common YANG Data Types",
              RFC 6991, DOI 10.17487/RFC6991, July 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6991>.

   [RFC7317]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "A YANG Data Model for
              System Management", RFC 7317, DOI 10.17487/RFC7317, August
              2014, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7317>.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.

   [RFC8040]  Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF
              Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, January 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8040>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8340]  Bjorklund, M. and L. Berger, Ed., "YANG Tree Diagrams",
              BCP 215, RFC 8340, DOI 10.17487/RFC8340, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8340>.

   [RFC8341]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
              Access Control Model", STD 91, RFC 8341,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8341, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8341>.

   [RFC8342]  Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Shafer, P., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore Architecture
              (NMDA)", RFC 8342, DOI 10.17487/RFC8342, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8342>.

   [RFC8343]  Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for Interface
              Management", RFC 8343, DOI 10.17487/RFC8343, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8343>.

   [RFC8446]  Rescorla, E., "The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol
              Version 1.3", RFC 8446, DOI 10.17487/RFC8446, August 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8446>.

   [RFC8529]  Berger, L., Hopps, C., Lindem, A., Bogdanovic, D., and X.
              Liu, "YANG Data Model for Network Instances", RFC 8529,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8529, March 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8529>.

   [RFC8907]  Dahm, T., Ota, A., Medway Gash, D.C., Carrel, D., and L.
              Grant, "The Terminal Access Controller Access-Control
              System Plus (TACACS+) Protocol", RFC 8907,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8907, September 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8907>.

7.2.  Informative References

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

Appendix A.  Example TACACS+ Authentication Configuration

   The following shows an example where a TACACS+ authentication server
   instance is configured.

      {
        "ietf-system:system": {
          "authentication": {
            "user-authentication-order": [tacacs-plus, local-users]
          }
          "tacacs-plus": {
            "server": [
              {
                "name": "tac_plus1",
                "server-type": "authentication",
                "address": "192.0.2.2",
                "shared-secret": "QaEfThUkO198010075460923+h3TbE8n",
                "source-ip": "192.0.2.12",
                "timeout": "10"
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }

Acknowledgments

   The authors wish to thank Alex Campbell, John Heasley, Ebben Aries,
   Alan DeKok, Joe Clarke, Tom Petch, Robert Wilton, and many others for
   their helpful comments and suggestions.

Authors' Addresses

   Bo Wu (editor)
   Huawei Technologies, Co., Ltd
   Yuhua District
   101 Software Avenue
   Nanjing
   Jiangsu, 210012
   China

   Email: lana.wubo@huawei.com

   Guangying Zheng
   Huawei Technologies, Co., Ltd
   Yuhua District
   101 Software Avenue
   Nanjing
   Jiangsu, 210012
   China

   Email: zhengguangying@huawei.com

   Michael Wang (editor)
   Huawei Technologies, Co., Ltd
   Yuhua District
   101 Software Avenue
   Nanjing
   210012
   China

   Email: wangzitao@huawei.com