IPv6 Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem Statement and Use Cases
draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-19

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (ipwave WG)
Last updated 2020-07-29
Replaces draft-ietf-ipwave-problem-statement, draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-survey
Stream IETF
Intended RFC status Informational
Formats plain text xml pdf htmlized (tools) htmlized bibtex
Stream WG state WG Consensus: Waiting for Write-Up
Doc Shepherd Follow-up Underway
Document shepherd Carlos Bernardos
Shepherd write-up Show (last changed 2020-07-29)
IESG IESG state I-D Exists
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to Carlos Bernardos <cjbc@it.uc3m.es>
IPWAVE Working Group                                       J. Jeong, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                   Sungkyunkwan University
Intended status: Informational                             July 29, 2020
Expires: January 30, 2021

    IPv6 Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem
                        Statement and Use Cases
               draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-19

Abstract

   This document discusses the problem statement and use cases of
   IPv6-based vehicular networking for Intelligent Transportation
   Systems (ITS).  The main scenarios of vehicular communications are
   vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and
   vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications.  First, this document
   explains use cases using V2V, V2I, and V2X networking.  Next, for
   IPv6-based vehicular networks, it makes a gap analysis of current
   IPv6 protocols (e.g., IPv6 Neighbor Discovery, Mobility Management,
   and Security & Privacy), and then lists up requirements for the
   extensions of those IPv6 protocols for IPv6-based vehicular
   networking.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 30, 2021.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents

Jeong, Ed.              Expires January 30, 2021                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft          IPWAVE Problem Statement               July 2020

   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.1.  V2V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.2.  V2I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     3.3.  V2X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   4.  Vehicular Networks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     4.1.  Vehicular Network Architecture  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     4.2.  V2I-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     4.3.  V2V-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
   5.  Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     5.1.  Neighbor Discovery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
       5.1.1.  Link Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
       5.1.2.  MAC Address Pseudonym . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
       5.1.3.  Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
     5.2.  Mobility Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   7.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
   8.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
   Appendix A.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  37
   Appendix B.  Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  37
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  39

1.  Introduction

   Vehicular networking studies have mainly focused on improving safety
   and efficiency, and also enabling entertainment in vehicular
   networks.  The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the US
   allocated wireless channels for Dedicated Short-Range Communications
   (DSRC) [DSRC] in the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) with
   the frequency band of 5.850 - 5.925 GHz (i.e., 5.9 GHz band).  DSRC-
   based wireless communications can support vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V),
   vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and vehicle-to-everything (V2X)
   networking.  The European Union (EU) allocated radio spectrum for
   safety-related and non-safety-related applications of ITS with the
Show full document text