IPv6 Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem Statement and Use Cases
draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-14

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (ipwave WG)
Last updated 2020-03-09
Replaces draft-ietf-ipwave-problem-statement, draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-survey
Stream IETF
Intended RFC status (None)
Formats plain text xml pdf htmlized bibtex
Stream WG state WG Document
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state I-D Exists
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)
IPWAVE Working Group                                       J. Jeong, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                   Sungkyunkwan University
Intended status: Informational                             March 9, 2020
Expires: September 10, 2020

    IPv6 Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem
                        Statement and Use Cases
               draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-14

Abstract

   This document discusses the problem statement and use cases of
   IPv6-based vehicular networking for Intelligent Transportation
   Systems (ITS).  The main scenarios of vehicular communications are
   vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and
   vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications.  First, this document
   explains use cases using V2V, V2I, and V2X networking.  Next, it
   makes a problem statement about key aspects in IPv6-based vehicular
   networking, such as IPv6 Neighbor Discovery, Mobility Management, and
   Security & Privacy.  For each key aspect, this document specifies
   requirements for IPv6-based vehicular networking.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 10, 2020.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of

Jeong, Ed.             Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft          IPWAVE Problem Statement              March 2020

   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.1.  V2V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.2.  V2I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     3.3.  V2X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   4.  Vehicular Networks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     4.1.  Vehicular Network Architecture  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     4.2.  V2I-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     4.3.  V2V-based Internetworking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   5.  Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     5.1.  Neighbor Discovery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
       5.1.1.  Link Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
       5.1.2.  MAC Address Pseudonym . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
       5.1.3.  Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     5.2.  Mobility Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   7.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
   Appendix A.  Changes from draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-
                networking-13  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   Appendix B.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   Appendix C.  Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32

1.  Introduction

   Vehicular networking studies have mainly focused on improving safety
   and efficiency, and also enabling entertainment in vehicular
   networks.  The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the US
   allocated wireless channels for Dedicated Short-Range Communications
   (DSRC) [DSRC] in the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) with
   the frequency band of 5.850 - 5.925 GHz (i.e., 5.9 GHz band).  DSRC-
   based wireless communications can support vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V),
   vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and vehicle-to-everything (V2X)
   networking.  The European Union (EU) allocated radio spectrum for
Show full document text