Dormant Mode Host Alerting ("IP Paging") Problem Statement
RFC 3132

Document Type RFC - Informational (June 2001; No errata)
Author James Kempf 
Last updated 2013-03-02
Stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
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Network Working Group                                           J. Kempf
Request for Comments: 3132                              Sun Microsystems
Category: Informational                                        June 2001

       Dormant Mode Host Alerting ("IP Paging") Problem Statement

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001).  All Rights Reserved.


   This memo describes paging, assesses the need for IP paging, and
   presents a list of recommendations for Seamoby charter items
   regarding work on paging.  The results are specifically directed
   toward the task undertaken by the design team, and are not meant to
   be the definitive word on paging for all time, nor to be binding on
   Seamoby or other working groups, should the situation with regard to
   IP mobility protocols or radio link support undergo a major change.

1.0 Introduction

   The IESG has requested that the Seamoby Working Group develop a
   problem statement about the need for additional protocol work to
   support alerting of dormant mode mobile hosts, commonly known as IP
   paging, for seamless IP mobility.  The paging design team interpreted
   this as direction to examine whether location of a mobile node in
   power saving mode can be supported by the existing Mobile IPv4 and
   Mobile IPv6 protocols given existing radio link protocols.

   Many existing radio link protocols and mobile systems support
   location of and radio link establishment with mobile nodes that are
   in power saving mode and hence are not actively listening for
   delivery of IP packets all the time or are not listening on the radio
   channels normally associated with delivering IP traffic to mobile
   nodes.  This alerting functionality allows mobile nodes to reduce
   power consumption and decreases signaling load on the network for
   tracking mobiles that are not actively participating in IP packet
   generation or reception.

Kempf                        Informational                      [Page 1]
RFC 3132      Dormant Mode Host Alerting Problem Statement     June 2001

   When a mobile is in low power consumption mode, special steps need to
   be taken to locate the mobile and alert it.  These steps differ
   depending on the radio link, but the generic name for this process is
   paging, a term that is commonly used in cellular telephony.

   In this document, after some initial definitions and material related
   to more clearly explaining what paging is, we assess the need for
   paging in existing IP mobility protocols (namely Mobile IP [1] [2]).
   We then develop a list of work items for the Seamoby working group
   related to this need.  Note that the discussion in this document and
   the conclusions regarding work items are directed toward existing IP
   mobility protocols and existing radio link protocols.  Should a major
   change occur in radio link support or the available IP mobility
   protocols, such as the introduction of a micromobility protocol for
   IP, the issues examined in this document may need to be revisited.

2.0 Definitions

   The following definitions are relevant with respect to clarifying the
   paging functionality:

      Dormant Mode - A state in which the mobile restricts its ability
      to receive normal IP traffic by reducing monitoring of radio
      channels.  This allows the mobile to save power and reduces
      signaling load on the network.

      Time-slotted Dormant Mode - A dormant mode implementation in which
      the mobile alternates between periods of not listening for any
      radio traffic and listening for traffic.  Time-slotted dormant
      mode implementations are typically synchronized with the network
      so the network can deliver traffic to the mobile during listening
      periods.  Additionally, the mobile may be restricted to listening
      on specific signaling channels that, according to current
      practice, are not typically used to carry IP traffic.

      Paging - As a consequence of a mobile-bound packet destined for a
      mobile currently in dormant mode, signaling by the network through
      radio access points directed to locating the mobile and alerting
      it to establish a last hop connection.  This messaging is in
      addition to simply delivering the packet to the mobile, i.e., last
      hop routing of packets is NOT considered to be paging.

      Paging Area - Collection of radio access points that are signaled
      to locate a dormant mode mobile node.  A paging area does not
      necessarily correspond to an IP subnet.  A dormant mode mobile
      node may be required to signal to the network when it crosses a
      paging area boundary, in order that the network can maintain a
      rough idea of where the mobile is located.
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