WebRTC-HTTP ingestion protocol (WHIP)

The information below is for an old version of the document
Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors Sergio Garcia Murillo  , Alex Gouaillard 
Last updated 2021-03-13 (latest revision 2020-09-09)
Replaced by draft-ietf-wish-whip
Stream (None)
Expired & archived
pdf htmlized bibtex
Additional Resources
Stream Stream state (No stream defined)
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
RFC Editor Note (None)
IESG IESG state Expired
Telechat date
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)

This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


While WebRTC has been very sucessfull in a wide range of scenarios, its adption in the broadcasting/streaming industry is lagging behind. Currently there is no standard protocol (like SIP or RTSP) designed for ingesting media in a streaming service, and content providers still rely heavily on protocols like RTMP for it. These protocols are much older than webrtc and lack by default some important security and resilience features provided by webrtc with minimal delay. The media codecs used in older protocols do not always match those being used in WebRTC, mandating transcoding on the ingest node, introducing delay and degrading media quality. This transcoding step is always present in traditionnal streaming to support e.g. ABR, and comes at no cost. However webrtc implements client-side ABR, also called Network-Aware Encoding by e.g. Huavision, by means of simulcast and SVC codecs, which otherwise alleviate the need for server-side transcoding. Content protection and Privacy Enhancement can be achieve with End-to-End Encryption, which preclude any server- side media processing. This document proposes a simple HTTP based protocol that will allow WebRTC endpoings to ingest content into streaming servics and/or CDNs to fill this gap and facilitate deployment.


Sergio Garcia Murillo (sergio.garcia.murillo@cosmosoftware.io)
Alex Gouaillard (alex.gouaillard@cosmosoftware.io)

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)