Freedom of Association on the Internet
draft-irtf-hrpc-association-06

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (hrpc RG)
Authors Niels ten Oever  , Gisela de Acha  , St├ęphane Couture  , Mallory Knodel 
Last updated 2020-11-01
Replaces draft-tenoever-hrpc-association
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Human Rights Protocol Considerations Research Group         N. ten Oever
Internet-Draft            Univeristy of Amsterdam & Texas A&M University
Intended status: Informational                          G. Perez de Acha
Expires: May 6, 2021                                  Derechos Digitales
                                                              S. Couture
                                                  University de Montreal
                                                               M. Knodel
                                       Center for Democracy & Technology
                                                       November 02, 2020

                 Freedom of Association on the Internet
                     draft-irtf-hrpc-association-06

Abstract

   This document discusses the relationships between the Internet
   architecture and the ability of people to exercise their right to
   freedom of assembly and association online.  The Internet
   increasingly mediates our lives, our relationships, and our ability
   to exercise our human rights.  As a global forum, the Internet
   provides a public space, yet it is predominantly built on private
   infrastructure.  Since Internet protocols play a central role in the
   management, development, and use of the Internet, we analyze the
   relation between protocols and the rights to assemble and associate
   to mitigate infringements on those rights.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
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   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on May 6, 2021.

ten Oever, et al.          Expires May 6, 2021                  [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                     FoA                     November 2020

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Vocabulary used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Research question . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   4.  Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  Literature Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     5.1.  FAA definition and core treaties  . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     5.2.  FAA in the digital era  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.3.  Specific questions raised from the literature review  . .  12
   6.  Cases and examples  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     6.1.  Got No Peace: Spam and DDoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
       6.1.1.  Spam  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       6.1.2.  DDoS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     6.2.  Holistic Agency: Mailing Lists and Spam . . . . . . . . .  15
       6.2.1.  Mailing lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       6.2.2.  Spam  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     6.3.  Civics in Cyberspace: Messaging, Conferencing, and
           Networking  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       6.3.1.  Email . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       6.3.2.  Mailing lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       6.3.3.  IRC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
       6.3.4.  WebRTC  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
       6.3.5.  Peer-to-peer networking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     6.4.  Universal Access: The Web . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     6.5.  Block Together Now: IRC and Refusals  . . . . . . . . . .  20
   7.  Conclusions: Can we learn anything from the previous case
       studies?  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
   8.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   9.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
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