BIER Penultimate Hop Popping

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (bier WG)
Author Zhaohui Zhang 
Last updated 2021-03-08 (latest revision 2020-08-24)
Stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status (None)
Expired & archived
pdf htmlized bibtex
Stream WG state In WG Last Call
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state Expired
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date
Responsible AD (None)
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


Bit Index Explicit Replication (BIER) can be used as provider tunnel for Multicast Virtual Private Network (MVPN). Global Table Multicast [RFC7716] or Ethernet Virtual Private Network (EVPN). It is possible that not all routers in the provider network support BIER and there are various methods to handle BIER-incapable transit routers. However those methods assume the MVPN/EVPN Provider Edges (PEs) are BIER-capable. This document specifies a method to allow BIER- incapable routers to act as MVPN/EVPN PEs with BIER as the transport, by having the upstream BIER Forwarding Router (BFR) that is connected directly or indirectly via a tunnel to a BIER-incapable PE remove the BIER header and send the payload to the PE.


Zhaohui Zhang (

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