Protocol Independent (Hardened) Bandwidth

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors JiangTao Hao  , Soh Hock  , Loa Andersson  , Gang Gai 
Last updated 2017-12-15 (latest revision 2017-06-13)
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


This document describes Protocol Independent Bandwidth for IP Multicast a.k.a "IP Multicast Hard Pipes". A hard pipe has a dedicated bandwidth that can neither be exceeded or infringed upon. RFC 7625 described an implementation of MPLS hard pipes, this document discusses the hard pipe technology as applied to IP Multicast flows.


JiangTao Hao (
Soh Hock (
Loa Andersson (
Gang Gai (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)