Use Cases and Requirements for JSON Object Signing and Encryption (JOSE)

Document Type Replaced Internet-Draft (individual)
Author Richard Barnes 
Last updated 2013-03-22 (latest revision 2013-02-25)
Replaced by RFC 7165
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Expired & archived
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IESG IESG state Replaced by draft-ietf-jose-use-cases
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


Many Internet applications have a need for object-based security mechanisms in addition to security mechanisms at the network layer or transport layer. In the past, the Cryptographic Message Syntax has provided a binary secure object format based on ASN.1. Over time, the use of binary object encodings such as ASN.1 has been overtaken by text-based encodings, for example JavaScript Object Notation. This document defines a set of use cases and requirements for a secure object format encoded using JavaScript Object Notation, drawn from a variety of application security mechanisms currently in development.


Richard Barnes (

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