Considerations on Internet Consolidation and the Internet Architecture
draft-arkko-iab-internet-consolidation-02

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Network Working Group                                           J. Arkko
Internet-Draft                                                  Ericsson
Intended status: Informational                               B. Trammell
Expires: January 10, 2020                                     ETH Zurich
                                                           M. Nottingham
                                                                  Fastly
                                                              C. Huitema
                                                    Private Octopus Inc.
                                                              M. Thomson
                                                                 Mozilla
                                                             J. Tantsura
                                                            Apstra, Inc.
                                                            N. ten Oever
                                                 University of Amsterdam
                                                           July 09, 2019

 Considerations on Internet Consolidation and the Internet Architecture
               draft-arkko-iab-internet-consolidation-02

Abstract

   Many of us have held a vision of the Internet as the ultimate
   distributed platform that allows communication, the provision of
   services, and competition from any corner of the world.  But as the
   Internet has matured, it seems to also feed the creation of large,
   centralised entities in many areas.  This phenomenon could be looked
   at from many different angles, but this memo considers the topic from
   the perspective of how available technology and Internet architecture
   drives different market directions.

Status of This Memo

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   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 10, 2020.

Arkko, et al.           Expires January 10, 2020                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                Consolidation                    July 2019

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1.  Introduction

   Many of us have held a vision of the Internet as the ultimate
   distributed platform that allows communication, the provision of
   services, and competition from any corner of the world.  But as the
   Internet has matured, it seems to also feed the creation of large,
   centralised entities in many areas.

   We use the term Internet consolidation to refer to the process of the
   increasing control over Internet infrastructure and services by a
   small set of organizations.  Such concentration has an obvious effect
   on traffic flows or on services and systems that are daily used by a
   large population of Internet users.  However, it can also create
   secondary effects, where the ability to collect information or to
   affect something is concentrated in that small set of organizations.

   Consolidation may also affect technology choices and the evolution of
   the Internet architecture.  For example, large organizations or
   organizations providing important technology components may have a
   significant impact on what technology is deployed for large numbers
   of users or by other organizations.

   Our first question is whether the Internet is indeed consolidating.
   It certainly appears so, but more quantitative research on this topic
   would be welcome.  It is also possible that there is only a
   perception of consolidation, as market forces have caused business
   changes in new areas of business.  Arguably, today's consolidation
   areas seem to be more in the application layer than further down in
   the stack or in operating systems, as was the case some years ago.
   The second question is if we are seeing consolidation simply moving
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