Interface to the Routing System
Interface to the Routing System WG
||Interface to the Routing System
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In an IP routed network, the routing system:
- Distributes topology and other state (network metadata)
- Uses this network metadata to determine the best paths to each given
reachable destination attached to the network
- Communicates these decisions to the forwarding plane of each
forwarding device in the network.
That is, the routing system is the collection of entities, protocols and
processes that collectively build the forwarding tables that are
exported into the entities that constitute the network's forwarding
While processes participating in the routing system are often colocated
with the local forwarding elements, this isn't a necessary condition.
Thus, the routing system includes control plane protocols and processes
that compute routes and paths for data packets, wherever the processes
implementing those protocols and processes may be running.
I2RS facilitates real-time or event driven interaction with the routing
system through a collection of protocol-based control or management
interfaces. These allow information, policies, and operational
parameters to be injected into and retrieved (as read or by
notification) from the routing system while retaining data consistency
and coherency across the routers and routing infrastructure, and among
multiple interactions with the routing system. The I2RS interfaces will
co-exist with existing configuration and management systems and
It is envisioned that users of the I2RS interfaces will be management
applications, network controllers, and user applications that make
specific demands on the network.
The I2RS working group works to develop a high-level architecture that
describes the basic building-blocks necessary to enable the specific use
cases, and that will lead to an understanding of the abstract
informational models and requirements for encodings and protocols for the I2RS
interfaces. Small and well-scoped use cases are critical to constrain the scope
of the work and achieve sufficient focus for the working group to deliver
successful outcomes. Initial work within the working group will be limited to a
single administrative domain.
The working group is chartered to work on the following items:
- High-level architecture for I2RS including considerations of policy
- Tightly scoped key use cases for operational use of I2RS as follows:
o Interactions with the Routing Information Base (RIB). Allowing read
and write access to the RIB, but no direct access to the Forwarding
Information Base (FIB).
o Filter-based RIBs include a match of fields in IP header plus other
IP packet format fields. The matches in the filter-based RIBs may be
ordered to allow appropriate sequencing of the filter. Each match
contains an action which may be forwarding to a next hop address or
other actions. I2RS will coordinate this work with appropriate
working groups in routing, security and operations & management
o Control and analysis of the operation of the Border Gateway Protocol
(BGP) including the setting and activation of policies related to
o Control, optimization, and choice of traffic exit points from
networks based on more information than provided by the dynamic
o Distributed reaction to network-based attacks through rapid
modification of the control plane behavior to reroute traffic for
one destination while leaving standard mechanisms (filters, metrics,
and policy) in place for other routes.
o Service layer routing to improve on existing hub-and-spoke traffic.
o The ability to extract information about topology from the network.
Injection and creation of topology will not be considered as a work
item. Such topology-related models will be based on a generic
topology model to support multiple uses; the generic topology model
should support topology extension for non-I2RS uses.
o Other use cases may be adopted by the working group only through
- Yang Data Models consistent with the use cases. Such documents
should include an information overview. The existing WG draft -
draft-ietf-i2rs-rib-info-model - that is just an informational model
can be completed or extended with the associated YANG data model.
- Requirements for I2RS protocols and encoding languages.
- An analysis of existing IETF and other protocols and encoding
languages against the requirements.