Community Networks. Definition and taxonomy
draft-manyfolks-gaia-community-networks-00

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Replaced by rfc7962, draft-irtf-gaia-alternative-network-deployments
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Global Access to the Internet for All                    J. Saldana, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                    University of Zaragoza
Intended status: Informational                            A. Arcia-Moret
Expires: December 20, 2014                      Universidad de Los Andes
                                                                B. Braem
                                          University of Antwerp - iMinds
                                                              L. Navarro
                                                U. Politecnica Catalunya
                                                         E. Pietrosemoli
                                        Escuela Latinoamericana de Redes
                                                           C. Rey-Moreno
                                          University of the Western Cape
                                                         A. Sathiaseelan
                                                 University of Cambridge
                                                              M. Zennaro
                                                        Abdus Salam ICTP
                                                           June 18, 2014

              Community Networks.  Definition and taxonomy
               draft-manyfolks-gaia-community-networks-00

Abstract

   Several communities have developed initiatives to build large scale,
   self-organized and decentralized community wireless networks that use
   wireless technologies (including long distance) due to the reduced
   cost of using the unlicensed spectrum.  This can be motivated by
   different causes: Sometimes the reluctance, or the impossibility, of
   network operators to provide wired and cellular infrastructures to
   rural/remote areas has motivated the rise of these networks.  Some
   other times, they are built as a complement and an alternative to
   wired Internet access.

   These community wireless networks have self sustainable business
   models that provide more localised communication services as well as
   providing Internet backhaul support through peering agreements with
   traditional network operators who see such community led networks as
   a way to extend their reach to rural/remote areas at lower cost.

   This document defines these networks, summarizes their technological
   characteristics and classifies them, also talking about their socio-
   economic sustainability models.

   There exist other networks, also based on sharing wireless resources
   of the users, but not built upon the initiative of the users
   themselves, nor owned by them.  The characterization of these
   networks is not the objective of this document.

Saldana, et al.         Expires December 20, 2014               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                     CN                          June 2014

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     1.2.  Definition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     1.3.  Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       1.3.1.  Developing countries  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       1.3.2.  Rural areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   2.  Technologies employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     2.1.  Antennas  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
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